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Cell kinetics and gene expression changes in colorectal cancer patients given resistant starch: a randomised controlled trial

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jonathan Coxhead, Seamus Kelly, Professor Sir John BurnORCiD, Professor John Mathers


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Objective: This study investigated the effects of oral supplementation of resistant starch (RS) on tumour cell and colonic mucosal cell kinetics and on gene expression in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), and its potential role in colon cancer prevention. Methods: 65 patients with CRC were randomised to treatment with RS or ordinary starch (OS) and were given starch treatment for up to 4 weeks. Pretreatment and post-treatment biopsies were obtained from the tumour and colonic mucosa, and the effects of the starch treatment on cell proliferation and expression of the cell cycle regulatory genes CDK4 (cyclin-dependent kinase 4) and GADD45A (growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible, alpha) were investigated. Results: The proportion of mitotic cells in the top half of the colonic crypt was significantly lower following RS treatment (3.1 (1.5), mean (SEM)) as compared with OS treatment (13.7 (3.2)) (p = 0.028). However, there was no effect of RS treatment on crypt dimensions and tumour cell proliferation index. There was significant upregulation in expression of CDK4 (p

Publication metadata

Author(s): Dronamraju SS, Coxhead JM, Kelly SB, Burn J, Mathers JC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Gut

Year: 2009

Volume: 58

Issue: 3

Pages: 413-420

ISSN (print): 0017-5749

ISSN (electronic): 1468-3288

Publisher: BMJ Group


DOI: 10.1136/gut.2008.162933


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Funder referenceFunder name
13D/20173Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBRSC), UK