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Radial augmentation index unmasks premature coronary artery disease in younger males

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Ioakim Spyridopoulos

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Abstract

Objective The augmentation index, a marker of arterial wave reflection, is considered to indicate cardiovascular risk burden, particularly in younger persons. We assessed whether the easily obtainable radial augmentation index (rAIx) is superior to systolic blood pressure (SBP) or pulse pressure (PP) in detecting atherosclerotic vascular disease at an early age. Methods We determined rAIx by applanation tonometry, SBP and PP in 152 male patients with or without invasively documented coronary artery disease (CAD). Ejection fraction (EF) was visually estimated by echocardiography or left ventricular angiography. Results In younger patients (age = 30%), rAIx was significantly higher in patients with CAD (79.8 +/- 13.5%, n=31) compared with patients without CAD (68.5 +/- 22.0%, n=21; P=0.04), whereas SBP (121 +/- 16 vs. 131 +/- 18 mmHg, P=0.04) and PP (48.7 +/- 9.4 vs. 56.3 +/- 12.1 mmHg, P=0.01) were even lower in patients with CAD compared with patients without CAD. In patients aged = 55% (72.1 +/- 20.4%, P=0.01). In contrast, in patients above 60 years of age, rAlx, SBP or PP did not differ between patients with or without CAD and the rAlx tended to be lowest in patients with severely reduced EF (P=0.07). Conclusion We conclude that premature vascular disease in younger patients with CAD is reflected only by an elevated rAlx, and not by SBP or PP. The rAlx is not suited to distinguish between older patients with high or low cardiovascular risk. Age seems to influence the interplay between rAlx and systolic heart function. Blood Press Monit 14:59-67 (C) 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Fischer-Rasokat U, Brenck F, Zeiher AM, Spyridopoulos I

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Blood Pressure Monitoring

Year: 2009

Volume: 14

Issue: 2

Pages: 59-67

ISSN (print): 1359-5237

ISSN (electronic): 1473-5725

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBP.0b013e32832941ce

DOI: 10.1097/MBP.0b013e32832941ce


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