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The hU3-55K Protein Requires 15.5K Binding to the Box B/C Motif as Well as Flanking RNA Elements for Its Association with the U3 Small Nucleolar RNA in Vitro

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nick Watkins


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The 15.5K protein directly binds to the 5' stem-loop of the U4 small nuclear RNA, the small nucleolar (sno) RNA box C/D motif, and the U3 snoRNA-specific box B/C motif. The box B/C motif has also been shown to be essential for the association of the U3 small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein-specific protein hU3-55K. We therefore set out to determine how 15.5K and hU3-55K recognize the box B/C motif. By using an in vitro assembly assay, we show that hU3-55K effectively binds a sub-fragment of the U3 snoRNA surrounding the B/C motif that we have named the U3BC RNA. The association of hU3-55K with the U3BC RNA is dependent on the binding of 15.5K to the box B/C motif. The association of hU3-55K with the U3BC RNA was found to be also dependent on a conserved RNA structure that flanks the box B/C motif. Furthermore, we show that hU3-55K, a WD 40 repeat containing protein, directly cross-links to the U3BC RNA. Our data support a new structural model of the box B/C region of the U3 snoRNA in which the box B/C motif is base-paired to form a structure highly similar to that of both the U4 5' stem-loop and the box C/D motif.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Watkins NJ; Granneman S; Pruijn GJM; Horstman W; van Venrooij WJ; Lührmann R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry

Year: 2002

Volume: 277

Issue: 50

Pages: 48490-48500

ISSN (print): 0021-9258

ISSN (electronic): 1083-351X

Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.


DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M206631200


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