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Influence of the ACE gene insertion/deletion polymorphism on insulin sensitivity and impaired glucose tolerance in healthy subjects

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sheila Patel, Professor Mark Walker


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OBJECTIVE - Recent studies suggested that the blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (PAS) may be associated with metabolic benefits. However, data about the potential influence of the ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) genotype on insulin resistance have been contradictory with studies of limited sample sizes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the ACE gene VD polymorphism and both insulin sensitivity and glucose intolerance in a large cohort of healthy subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 1,286 participants in the Relationship Between Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Study had a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp to assess whole-body insulin sensitivity. RESULTS - Age, BMI, waist, fat-free mass (ffm), and physical activity did not differ by ACE genotype. Fasting glucose and insulin were similar among genotypes, but 2-h glucose levels were higher in DD than in ID and II subjects (DD: 5.9 +/- 1.7; ID: 5.7 +/- 1.5; II: 5.6 +/- 1.5 mmol/l) (P = 0.004). Participants with the DD genotype were more likely to have impaired glucose tolerance than those with the ID and II genotypes (13.1 vs. 8.7%; P = 0.02). Insulin sensitivity was lower in participants with the DD genotype than in those with the II genotype (136 +/- 63 vs. 147 +/- 65 mu mol center dot min(-1) center dot kg ffm(-1) center dot mmol(-1) center dot l(-1); P = 0.02). The presence of the D allele was associated with a trend, albeit not significant, for reduced insulin secretion during the oral glucose tolerance test (P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS - The ACE I/D polymorphism is associated with whole-body insulin sensitivity and with impaired glucose tolerance in our healthy population. These findings confirm potential interactions between the RAS and glucose metabolism.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bonnet F, Patel S, Laville M, Balkau B, Favuzzi A, Monti LD, Lalic N, Walker M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Diabetes Care

Year: 2008

Volume: 31

Issue: 4

Pages: 789-794

ISSN (print): 0149-5992

ISSN (electronic): 1935-5548

Publisher: American Diabetes Association


DOI: 10.2337/dc07-1788

Notes: On behalf of the European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance Relationship Between Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Study Group


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