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Correlation of the leptin:adiponectin ratio with measures of insulin resistance in non-diabetic individuals

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Mark Walker


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Aims/hypothesis Obesity is the dominant cause of insulin resistance. In adult humans it is characterised by a combination of adipocyte hypertrophy and, to a lesser extent, adipocyte hyperplasia. As hypertrophic adipocytes secrete more leptin and less adiponectin, the plasma leptin: adiponectin ratio (LAR) has been proposed as a potentially useful measure of insulin resistance and vascular risk. We sought to assess the usefulness of the LAR as a measure of insulin resistance in non-diabetic white adults. Methods Leptin and adiponectin levels were measured in 2,097 non-diabetic individuals from the Ely and European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance (EGIR) Relationship between Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular Risk (RISC) study cohorts. LAR was compared with fasting insulin and HOMA-derived insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S) in all individuals and with the insulin sensitivity index (M/I) from hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp studies in 1,226 EGIR RISC participants. Results The LAR was highly correlated with HOMA-S in men (r=-0.58, p=4.5 x 10(-33) and r=-0.65, p=1.1 x 10(-66) within the Ely and EGIR RISC study cohorts, respectively) and in women (r=-0.51, p=2.8 x 10(-36) and r=-0.61, p=2.5 x 10(-73)). The LAR was also strongly correlated with the clamp M/I value (r=-0.52, p=4.5 x 10(-38) and r=-0.47, p=6.6 x 10(-40) in men and women, respectively), similar to correlations between HOMA-S and the M/I value. Conclusions/ interpretation The leptin: adiponectin ratio is a useful measure of insulin resistance in non-diabetic white adults. These data highlight the central role of adipocyte dysfunction in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Given that variations between fasting and postprandial leptin and adiponectin levels tend to be small, the leptin to adiponectin ratio might also have potential value in assessing insulin sensitivity in the non-fasted state.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Finucane FM, Luan J, Wareham NJ, Sharp SJ, O'Rahilly S, Balkau B, Flyvbjerg A, Walker M, Hojlund K, Nolan JJ, Savage DB, European Grp Study

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Diabetologia

Year: 2009

Volume: 52

Issue: 11

Pages: 2345-2349

ISSN (print): 0012-186X

ISSN (electronic): 1432-0428

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s00125-009-1508-3


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Funder referenceFunder name
AstraZeneca (Sweden)
Merck Sante (France)
UK NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre
Medical Research Council