Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Minimal residual disease is a significant predictor of treatment failure in non T-lineage adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: final results of the international trial UKALL XII/ECOG2993

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Anthony MoormanORCiD


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


P>The predictive value of molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring using polymerase chain reaction amplification of clone-specific immunoglobulin or T-cell Receptor rearrangements was analysed in 161 patients with non T-lineage Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) participating in the UK arm of the international ALL trial UKALL XII/Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 2993. MRD positivity (>= 10-4) in patients treated with chemotherapy alone was associated with significantly shorter relapse-free survival (RFS) at several time-points during the first year of therapy. MRD status best discriminated outcome after phase 2 induction, when the relative risk of relapse was 8 center dot 95 (2 center dot 85-28 center dot 09)-fold higher in MRD-positive (>= 10-4) patients and the 5-year RFS 15% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0-40%] compared to 71% (56-85%) in MRD-negative (< 10-4) patients (P = 0 center dot 0002) When MRD was detected prior to autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT), a significantly higher rate of treatment failure was observed [5-year RFS 25% (CI 0-55%) vs. 77% (95% CI 54-100%) in MRD-negative/< 10-4, P = 0 center dot 01] whereas in recipients of allogeneic-SCT in first complete remission, MRD positivity pre-transplant did not adversely affect outcome. These data provide a rationale for introducing MRD-based risk stratification in future studies for the delineation of those at significant risk of treatment failure in whom intensification of therapy should be evaluated.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Patel B, Rai L, Buck G, Richards SM, Mortuza Y, Mitchell W, Gerrard G, Moorman AV, Duke V, Hoffbrand AV, Fielding AK, Goldstone AH, Foroni L

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Haematology

Year: 2010

Volume: 148

Issue: 1

Pages: 80-89

ISSN (print): 0007-1048

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2141

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07941.x


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
MC_U137686856Medical Research Council