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Dynamics in self-regulation: Plan execution self-efficacy and mastery of action plans

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Falko Sniehotta


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This study investigated whether an individual's plan execution self-efficacy precedes mastery of the respective action plan or vice versa. Study participants were 122 cardiac rehabilitation patients. Plan execution self-efficacy and mastery of a personal action plan on physical activity were assessed each week for 6 weeks after discharge from rehabilitation. Physical exercise was assessed 2 months after discharge. Multilevel cross-lagged panel analyses resulted in a positive effect of mastery on subsequent self-efficacy, whereas self-efficacy did not predict subsequent mastery at the within-person level. At the between-person level, however, self-efficacy predicted following physical exercise. Thus, the predictive power of self-efficacy was developed in relation to mastery of personal action plans over time. Implications for behavior change interventions are discussed.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Scholz U, Sniehotta FF, Schuz B, Oeberst A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Applied Social Psychology

Year: 2007

Volume: 37

Issue: 11

Pages: 2706-2725

Date deposited: 24/06/2010

ISSN (print): 0021-9029

ISSN (electronic): 1559-1816

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.


DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2007.00277.x


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