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Predicting physical exercise in cardiac rehabilitation: The role of phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Falko Sniehotta



During the process of health behavior change, individuals pass different phases characterized by different demands and challenges that have to be mastered. To overcome these demands successfully, phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs are important. The present study distinguishes between task self-efficacy, maintenance self-efficacy, and recovery self-efficacy. These phase-specific beliefs were studied in a sample of 484 cardiac patients during rehabilitation treatment and at follow-up 2 and 4 months after discharge to predict physical exercise at 4 and 12 months follow-up. The three phase-specific self-efficacies showed sufficient discriminant validity and allowed for differential predictions of intentions and behavior. Persons in the maintenance phase benefited more from maintenance self-efficacy in terms of physical exercise than persons not in the maintenance phase. Those who had to resume their physical exercise after a health related break profited more from recovery self-efficacy in terms of physical exercise than persons who were continuously active. Implications for possible interventions are discussed.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Scholz U, Sniehotta FF, Schwarzer R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Year: 2005

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 135-151

Date deposited: 25/06/2010

ISSN (print): 0895-2779

ISSN (electronic): 1543-2904

Publisher: Human Kinetics