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Two alternative models of health behaviour and recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury: A prospective study

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Falko Sniehotta


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Cognitions influence recovery from activity limitations. In this study we aimed to independently test, compare and combine the common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and social cognitive theory (SCT) in predicting recovery from activity limitations due to acute injury. Measures were gathered at two time points 5-6 weeks apart. The sample consisted of 146 university students (Mean age: 21.86, SD: 4.83, 62% female) with a heterogeneous range of injuries that limited their participation in physical activity. The dependent variable was recovery from activity limitations (Physical Functioning - Short Form-36). The predictor variables were measured using the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and SCT items designed according to theoretical recommendations. Time-line (TL) and self-efficacy (SE) were significant predictors of recovery in a multivariate analysis, controlling for reported pain at Time 1. A combined model including the best predictors from both models, TL (β = -0.25, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.17, p < 0.01) and SE (β =0.31, p < 0.05, R2 change = 0.05, p < 0.05), accounted for a significant amount of the variance in recovery from activity limitations. A combination of key variables from both models may be particularly useful for understanding the cognitive factors that influence recovery from activity limitations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Molloy GJ, Sniehotta F, Johnston M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Psychology & Health

Year: 2009

Volume: 24

Issue: 3

Pages: 271-285

Date deposited: 24/06/2010

ISSN (print): 0887-0446

ISSN (electronic): 1476-8321

Publisher: Routledge


DOI: 10.1080/08870440701684548


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