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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Thomas Huegle,
Dr Vanessa Hogan,
Dr Kathryn White,
Professor Jaap Van Laar
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Objective. To describe the cellular source of transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) in the dermis of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods. We performed electron microscopy (EM) with immunogold labeling on skin biopsy specimens from 7 patients with SSc and 3 healthy control subjects. For TGF beta quantification, the numbers of gold particles per square micron were calculated. The origin of mast cells was confirmed and quantified by toluidine blue staining and light microscopy. Degranulation was assessed on toluidine blue-stained sections and on EM images. Results. In all patients, active TGF beta was observed uniquely in mast cell vesicles, some of which were released into the extracellular space. Patients with progressive SSc and a more recent onset of non-Raynaud's phenomenon symptoms had higher numbers of mast cells and gold particles per mast cell. Mast cells from healthy control subjects also contained active TGF beta but, in contrast to SSc samples, showed a resting character with no or low-level degranulation and uniformly dense osmiophilic vesicles. Conclusion. Degranulation of skin mast cells can be an important mechanism of TGF beta secretion in SSc.
Author(s): Hugle T, Hogan V, White KE, van Laar JM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Arthritis & Rheumatism
Print publication date: 25/02/2011
ISSN (print): 0004-3591
ISSN (electronic): 1529-0131
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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