Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Einfluss der Fuehrung des Trocknungsprozesses auf den Trocknungsverlauf und die Produkteigenschaften empfindlicher Biologischer Gueter [Influence of Process Control on Drying Kinetics and Product Attributes of Sensitive Biological Products]

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Barbara Sturm


Full text is not currently available for this publication.


Drying is one of the oldest and most important means of preserving food. Particularly in the field of agricultural products, which are produced in large quantities and of which processing adds a low net value, convective drying is of great importance. Most biological products are heat sensitive and are additionally damaged by extended drying time. Concurrently, duration of drying depends strongly on the temperature level used. Therefore it is necessary to make sure that the product does not exceed critical temperatures during the drying process. Meanwhile it is well known that sensitive products may be exposed to high air temperatures during the first stage of drying without risking any damage. The functional relation between duration of impinging with certain conditions of the drying medium (temperature, humidity, and velocity), development of product temperature and changes the product undergoes during the process are scarcely researched. Two different kinds of process control for convection drying of sensitive biological products were investigated and the results compared. The first strategy was a onestep drying process with constant air temperature throughout, whereas the second strategy used the product temperature to control the process. After a short warm up phase product temperature was kept constant during the rest of the process. The aim of the work presented was the continuous measurement of previously chosen physical values and to predict interactions between type and duration of certain process settings and the changes that chosen quality aspects underwent. Based on those results, the optimisation of drying conditions has to be performed. Secondly results for both strategies should be compared and their influences on the quality aspects should be analysed. To cover a large parameter space of the chosen factors (temperature, air velocity and dew point temperature) and to secure the results statistically planning, modelling and optimisation were utilised using a commercial programme (design of experiments). Additionally, interactions between factors could be analysed and optimisation with variable target values is possible. The laboratory drier developed for this project allows the simultaneous non invasive measurement of all essential temperatures, change of weight and optical quality criteria based on digital images. At the same time air or product temperature can be controlled while the other value is measured. It is possible to select between through flow and over flow. When controlling product temperature, air velocity in the drier is kept constant. Ventilation performance is readjusted depending on the difference between drying air and ambient temperature. Hence, the thermal expansion of the air is compensated.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sturm B

Publication type: Authored Book

Publication status: Published

Series Title: Forschungsbericht Agrartechnik des Arbeitskreises Forschung und Lehre der Max-Ezth Gesellschaft Agrartechnik VDI (VDI-MEG)

Year: 2010

Volume: 491

Number of Pages: 197

Publisher: VDI-MEG

Place Published: Witzenhausen


Notes: ISSN: 0931-6264