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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Olaf Heidenreich
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We have identified crucial transcription factor contact sites within the distal portion of the HTLV-1 LTR R region. Single base substitutions within this region greatly reduce formation of a complex which we previously described as a 70-kDa nuclear protein interacting with a CREB-like protein. Comparison of published sequences of HTLV-1 isolates obtained from scattered geographic locations revealed that clustered mutations in an 8-base segment near the U5 junction do, in fact, occur naturally. A single base substitution corresponding to a common naturally occurring mutation was introduced into the R region of an HTLV-1-LTR Cat construct. This resulted in derepression of the promoter in a cell line expressing high levels of the R region binding complex when compared to the wild-type LTR promoter. Affinity purification and electrophoretic mobility super-shift analysis identified a dominant 70-kDa DNA binding protein as ATF-2. Phosphorylated ATF-2 apparently interacts with CREB to form this downstream complex.
Author(s): Xu X, Kang SH, Heidenreich O, Brown DA, Nerenberg MI
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 0042-6822
ISSN (electronic): 1089-862X
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