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Lookup NU author(s): Dr James Hayden,
Dr Christopher Jones,
Professor Steven Clifford
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Background Childhood CNS primitive neuro-ectodermal brain tumours (PNETs) are very aggressive brain tumours for which the molecular features and best treatment approaches are unknown. We assessed a large cohort of these rare tumours to identify molecular markers to enhance clinical management of this disease. Methods We obtained 142 primary hemispheric CNS PNET samples from 20 institutions in nine countries and examined transcriptional profiles for a subset of 51 samples and copy number profiles for a subset of 77 samples. We used clustering, gene, and pathway enrichment analyses to identify tumour subgroups and group-specific molecular markers, and applied immuno histochemical and gene-expression analyses to validate and assess the clinical significance of the subgroup markers. Findings We identified three molecular subgroups of CNS PNETs that were distinguished by primitive neural (group 1), oligoneural (group 2), and mesenchymal lineage (group 3) gene-expression signatures with differential expression of cell-lineage markers LIN28 and OLIG2. Patients with group 1 tumours were most often female (male: female ratio 0.61 for group 1 vs 1.25 for group 2 and 1.63 for group 3; p=0.043 [group 1 vs groups 2 and 3]), youngest (median age at diagnosis 2.9 years [95% CI 2.4-5.2] for group 1 vs 7.9 years [6.0-9.7] for group 2 and 5.9 years [4.9-7.8] for group 3; p=0.005), and had poorest survival (median survival 0.8 years [95% CI 0.5-1.2] in group 1, 1.8 years [1.4-2.3] in group 2 and 4.3 years [0.8-7.8] in group 3; p=0.019). Patients with group 3 tumours had the highest incidence of metastases at diagnosis (no distant metastasis: metastasis ratio 0.90 for group 3 vs 2.80 for group 1 and 5.67 for group 2; p=0.037). Interpretation LIN28 and OLIG2 are promising diagnostic and prognostic molecular markers for CNS PNET that warrant further assessment in prospective clinical trials.
Author(s): Picard D, Miller S, Hawkins CE, Bouffet E, Rogers HA, Chan TSY, Kim SK, Ra YS, Fangusaro J, Korshunov A, Toledano H, Nakamura H, Hayden JT, Chan J, Lafay-Cousin L, Hu PZ, Fan X, Muraszko KM, Pomeroy SL, Lau CC, Ng HK, Jones C, Van Meter T, Clifford SC, Eberhart C, Gajjar A, Pfister SM, Grundy RG, Huang A
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Lancet Oncology
Print publication date: 01/08/2012
ISSN (print): 1470-2045
ISSN (electronic): 1474-5488
Publisher: Lancet Publishing Group
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