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Lookup NU author(s): Jane Beenstock,
Dr Jean Adams
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Aims To examine the association between future orientation (how individuals consider and value outcomes in the future) and smoking cessation at 4 weeks and 6 months post quit-date in individuals enrolled in a smoking cessation study. Design Cohort analysis of randomized controlled trial data. Setting UK primary care. Participants Adults aged 18 years smoking 15 cigarettes daily, prepared to quit in the next 2 weeks. Measurements Future orientation was measured prior to quitting and at 4 weeks post-quitting using the Consideration of Future Consequences Scale. Smoking cessation at 4 weeks and 6 months was confirmed biochemically. Those lost to follow-up were assumed to not be abstinent. Potential confounders adjusted for were: age, gender, educational attainment, nicotine dependence and longest previous period quit. Findings A total of 697 participants provided data at baseline; 422 provided information on future orientation at 4 weeks. There was no evidence of an association between future orientation at baseline and abstinence at 4 weeks [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=1.05, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.80-1.38] or 6 months (aOR=0.85, 95% CI=0.60-1.20). There was no change in future orientation from baseline to 4 weeks and no evidence that the change differed between those who were and were not quit at 4 weeks (adjusted regression coefficient=-0.04, 95% CI=-0.16 to 0.08). Conclusions In smokers who are prepared to quit in the next 2 weeks, the extent of future orientation is unlikely to be a strong predictor of quitting over 4 weeks or 6 months and any increase in future orientation following quitting is likely to be small.
Author(s): Beenstock J, Lindson-Hawley N, Aveyard P, Adams J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 01/10/2014
Online publication date: 14/07/2014
Acceptance date: 14/05/2014
ISSN (print): 0965-2140
ISSN (electronic): 1360-0443
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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