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Sleep in patients with remitted bipolar disorders: a meta-analysis of actigraphy studies

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Jan Scott


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ObjectiveSleep dysregulation is highly prevalent in bipolar disorders (BDs), with previous actigraphic studies demonstrating sleep abnormalities during depressive, manic, and interepisode periods. We undertook a meta-analysis of published actigraphy studies to identify whether any abnormalities in the reported sleep profiles of remitted BD cases differ from controls.MethodA systematic review identified independent studies that were eligible for inclusion in a random effects meta-analysis. Effect sizes for actigraphy parameters were expressed as standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).ResultsNine of 248 identified studies met eligibility criteria. Compared with controls (N=210), remitted BD cases (N=202) showed significant differences in SMD for sleep latency (0.51 [0.28-0.73]), sleep duration (0.57 [0.30-0.84]), wake after sleep onset (WASO) (0.28 [0.06-0.50]) and sleep efficiency (-0.38 [-0.70-0.07]). Moderate heterogeneity was identified for sleep duration (I-2=44%) and sleep efficiency (I-2=44%). Post hoc meta-regression analyses demonstrated that larger SMD for sleep duration were identified for studies with a greater age difference between BD cases and controls (=0.22; P=0.03) and non-significantly lower levels of residual depressive symptoms in BD cases (=-0.13; P=0.07).ConclusionThis meta-analysis of sleep in remitted bipolar disorder highlights disturbances in several sleep parameters. Future actigraphy studies should pay attention to age matching and levels of residual depressive symptoms.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Geoffroy PA, Scott J, Boudebesse C, Lajnef M, Henry C, Leboyer M, Bellivier F, Etain B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

Year: 2015

Volume: 131

Issue: 2

Pages: 89-99

Print publication date: 01/02/2015

Online publication date: 28/11/2014

Acceptance date: 21/10/2014

ISSN (print): 0001-690X

ISSN (electronic): 1600-0447

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


DOI: 10.1111/acps.12367


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