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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Jan Scott
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ObjectiveSleep dysregulation is highly prevalent in bipolar disorders (BDs), with previous actigraphic studies demonstrating sleep abnormalities during depressive, manic, and interepisode periods. We undertook a meta-analysis of published actigraphy studies to identify whether any abnormalities in the reported sleep profiles of remitted BD cases differ from controls.MethodA systematic review identified independent studies that were eligible for inclusion in a random effects meta-analysis. Effect sizes for actigraphy parameters were expressed as standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).ResultsNine of 248 identified studies met eligibility criteria. Compared with controls (N=210), remitted BD cases (N=202) showed significant differences in SMD for sleep latency (0.51 [0.28-0.73]), sleep duration (0.57 [0.30-0.84]), wake after sleep onset (WASO) (0.28 [0.06-0.50]) and sleep efficiency (-0.38 [-0.70-0.07]). Moderate heterogeneity was identified for sleep duration (I-2=44%) and sleep efficiency (I-2=44%). Post hoc meta-regression analyses demonstrated that larger SMD for sleep duration were identified for studies with a greater age difference between BD cases and controls (=0.22; P=0.03) and non-significantly lower levels of residual depressive symptoms in BD cases (=-0.13; P=0.07).ConclusionThis meta-analysis of sleep in remitted bipolar disorder highlights disturbances in several sleep parameters. Future actigraphy studies should pay attention to age matching and levels of residual depressive symptoms.
Author(s): Geoffroy PA, Scott J, Boudebesse C, Lajnef M, Henry C, Leboyer M, Bellivier F, Etain B
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Print publication date: 01/02/2015
Online publication date: 28/11/2014
Acceptance date: 21/10/2014
ISSN (print): 0001-690X
ISSN (electronic): 1600-0447
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