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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Jan Scott
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Background: Theoretical models of Bipolar Disorder (BD) highlight that sleep disturbances may be a marker of underlying circadian dysregulation. However, few studies of sleep in BD have reported on the most prevalent circadian sleep abnormality, namely Delayed Sleep Phase (DSP). Methods: A cross-sectional study of 404 adults with BD who met published clinical criteria for insomnia, hypersomnia or DSP, and who had previously participated in a study of sleep in BD using a comprehensive structured interview assessment.Results: About 10% of BD cases with a sleep problem met criteria for a DSP profile. The DSP group was younger and had a higher mean Body Mass Index (BMI) than the other groups. Also, DSP cases were significantly more likely to be prescribed mood stabilizers and antidepressant than insomnia cases. An exploratory analysis of selected symptom item ratings indicated that DSP was significantly more likely to be associated with impaired energy and activity levels.Limitations: The cross-sectional design precludes examination of longitudinal changes. DSP is identified by sleep profile, not by diagnostic criteria or objective sleep records such as actigraphy. The study uses data from a previous study to identify and examine the DSP group.Conclusions: The DSP group identified in this study can be differentiated from hypersomnia and insomnia groups on the basis of clinical and demographic features. The association of DSP with younger age, higher BMI and impaired energy and activity also suggest that this clinical profile may be a good proxy for underlying circadian dysregulation. (c) 2015 Elsevier By. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Steinan MK, Morken G, Lagerberg TV, Melle I, Andreassen OA, Vaaler AE, Scott J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders
Print publication date: 01/02/2016
Online publication date: 24/11/2015
Acceptance date: 15/11/2015
ISSN (print): 0165-0327
ISSN (electronic): 1573-2517
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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