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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Johannes Attems
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in old age and is characterized by the accumulation of beta-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). Recent studies suggest that Fyn tyrosine kinase forms part of a toxic triad with b-amyloid and tau in the disease process. However, it is not known whether Fyn is associated with the pathological features of AD in an isoform-specific manner. In this study, we identified selective up-regulation of the alternative-spliced FynT isoform with no change in FynB in the AD neocortex. Furthermore, gene ontology term enrichment analyses and cell type-specific localization of FynT immunoreactivity suggest that FynT up-regulation was associated with neurofibrillary degeneration and reactive astrogliosis. Interestingly, significantly increased FynT in NFT-bearing neurons was concomitant to decreased FynB immunoreactivity, suggesting an involvement of alternative splicing in NFT formation. Furthermore, cultured cells of astrocytic origin have higher FynT to FynB ratio compared to those of neuronal origin. Lastly, primary rat mixed neuron-astrocyte cultures treated with A beta(25-35) showed selective up-regulation of FynT expression in activated astrocytes. Our findings point to an isoform-specific role of FynT in modulating neurofibrillary degeneration and reactive astrogliosis in AD.
Author(s): Lee C, Low CYB, Francis PT, Attems J, Wong PTH, Lai MKP, Tan MGK
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Neurochemistry
Print publication date: 01/02/2016
Online publication date: 19/01/2016
Acceptance date: 06/11/2015
ISSN (print): 0022-3042
ISSN (electronic): 1471-4159
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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