Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The angulation of the septal structures impacts ventricular imbalance in atrioventricular septal defects with a common atrioventricular junction

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Bob Anderson


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Objective Multiplanar re-formatting of full-volume three-dimensional echocardiography data sets offers new insights into the morphology of atrioventricular septal defects. We hypothesised that distortion of the alignment between the atrial and ventricular septums results in imbalanced venous return to the ventricles, with consequent proportional ventricular hypoplasia.Methods A single observer evaluated 31 patients, with a mean age of 52.09 months, standard deviation of 55, and with a range from 2 to 264 months, with atrioventricular septal defects, of whom 17 were boys. Ventricular imbalance, observed in nine patients, was determined by two-dimensional assessment, and confirmed at surgical inspection in selected cases when a univentricular strategy was undertaken. Offline analysis using multiplanar re-formatting was performed. A line was drawn though the length of the ventricular septum and a second line along the plane of the atrial septum, taking the angle between these two lines as the atrioventricular septal angle. We compared the angle between 22 patients with adequately sized ventricles, and those with ventricular imbalance undergoing univentricular repair.Results In the 22 patients undergoing biventricular repair, the septal angle was 0 in 14 patients; the other eight patients having angles ranging from 1 to 36, with a mean angle of 7.4 degrees, and standard deviation of 11.1 degrees.The mean angle in the nine patients with ventricle imbalance was 28.6 degrees, with a standard deviation of 3.04 degrees, and with a range from 26 to 35 degrees. Of those undergoing univentricular repair, two patients died, with angles of 26 and 30 degrees, respectively.Conclusions The atrioventricular septal angle derived via multiplanar formatting gives important information regarding the degree of ventricular hypoplasia and imbalance. When this angle is above 25 degrees, patients are likely to have ventricular imbalance requiring univentricular repair.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ahmad Z, Lim Z, Roman K, Haw M, Anderson RH, Vettukattil J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cardiology in the Young

Year: 2016

Volume: 26

Issue: 2

Pages: 321-326

Print publication date: 01/02/2016

Online publication date: 03/03/2015

Acceptance date: 25/01/2015

ISSN (print): 1047-9511

ISSN (electronic): 1467-1107

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


DOI: 10.1017/S1047951115000219


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric