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An experimental investigation into the starting process of free-piston engine generator

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Boru Jia, Dr Guohong Tian, Professor Tony Roskilly


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This paper presents an experimental investigation of the starting process of a prototype free piston engine generator (FPEG). Experimental test results show that during the motoring stage, the peak in-cylinder pressure and compression ratio increase in a non-linear manner and trend to reach a stable state after a number of cycles. The motoring force is suggested to be within a reasonable range. With a fixed starting force of 125 N, the in-cylinder air fuel mixture was successfully ignited at the fourth cycle with a compression ratio of over 9:1. The peak in-cylinder pressure for the first combustion cycle reached over 40 bar. The piston ran at high and relatively constant speed at the middle portion of the stroke. The peak piston velocity increases significantly to around 4.0 m/s. Cycle-to-cycle variation of the piston movement was significant and the engine misfired frequently. During the misfire cycles, the peak piston velocity decreased to nearly 2.5 m/s; and the piston dynamics were similar to the motoring process. Based on these, discussion on misfire and further stable running control, as well as the linear electric machine mode switch were presented. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Jia BR, Tian GH, Feng HH, Zuo ZX, Roskilly AP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Applied Energy

Year: 2015

Volume: 157

Pages: 798-804

Print publication date: 01/11/2015

Online publication date: 05/03/2015

Acceptance date: 18/02/2015

ISSN (print): 0306-2619

ISSN (electronic): 1872-9118

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.02.065


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Funder referenceFunder name
51006010National Nature Science Foundation of China
B12022Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities of China