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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Chris LambORCiD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
BackgroundInfliximab and adalimumab have established roles in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) therapy. UK regulators mandate reassessment after 12 months' anti-TNF therapy for IBD, with consideration of treatment withdrawal. There is a need for more data to establish the relapse rates following treatment cessation.AimTo establish outcomes following anti-TNF withdrawal for sustained remission using new data from a large UK cohort, and assimilation of all available literature for systematic review and meta-analysis.MethodsA retrospective observational study was performed on 166 patients with IBD (146 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 20 with ulcerative colitis [UC) and IBD unclassified (IBDU)] withdrawn from anti-TNF for sustained remission. Meta-analysis was undertaken of all published studies incorporating 11 further cohorts totalling 746 patients (624 CD, 122 UC).ResultsRelapse rates in the UK cohort were 36% by 1 year and 56% by 2 years for CD, and 42% by 1 year and 47% by 2 years for UC/IBDU. Increased relapse risk in CD was associated with age at diagnosis [hazard ratio (HR) 2.78 for age <22 years], white cell count (HR 3.22 for >5.25 x 10(9)/L) and faecal calprotectin (HR 2.95 for >50 g/g) at drug withdrawal. Neither continued immunomodulators nor endoscopic remission were predictors. In the meta-analysis, estimated 1-year relapse rates were 39% and 35% for CD and UC/IBDU respectively. Retreatment with anti-TNF was successful in 88% for CD and 76% UC/IBDU.ConclusionsAssimilation of all available data reveals remarkable homogeneity. Approximately one-third of patients with IBD flare within 12 months of withdrawal of anti-TNF therapy for sustained remission.
Author(s): Kennedy NA, Warner B, Johnston EL, Flanders L, Hendy P, Ding NS, Harris R, Fadra AS, Basquill C, Lamb CA, Cameron FL, Murray CD, Parkes M, Gooding I, Ahmad T, Gaya DR, Mann S, Lindsay JO, Gordon J, Satsangi J, Hart A, McCartney S, Irving P, UK Anti-TNF withdrawal study group, Lees CW
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Print publication date: 01/04/2016
Online publication date: 19/02/2016
Acceptance date: 14/01/2016
Date deposited: 12/05/2016
ISSN (print): 0269-2813
ISSN (electronic): 1365-2036
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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