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Caries experience, the caries burden and associated factors in children in England, Wales and Northern Ireland 2013

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Chris Vernazza, Dr Sarah Rolland

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This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Nature Publishing Group, 2016.

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Abstract

Background: The 2013 Children’s Dental Health Survey is the fifth in a series of national surveys. Aims: To describe caries prevalence and severity and factors affecting these, in children in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2013. Methodology: A representative sample of children (aged 5, 8, 12 and 15 years) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland were invited to participate in dental examinations. Caries was measured at both the dentine (“Obvious caries”) and dentine plus enamel (“Clinical caries”) levels and analysis included identifying those with indicators of significant burden of caries and identifying predictive factors. Results: In 5 year olds, 40% had obvious caries experience increasing to 56% when enamel lesions were included. In 15 year olds, the respective figures were 46% and 63%. 14% of 5 year olds and 15% of 15 year olds had a least one indicator of significant levels of caries and those from deprived backgrounds were more likely to fall into this group. Conclusions: Overall, the prevalence of caries of children is continuing to decrease, but the rate is slowing. The level of disease for those with disease is much higher than the average values might suggest and there remain a sizeable minority with a significant burden of caries, associated with deprivation. This complex picture poses significant clinical and public health challenges.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Vernazza CR, Rolland SL, Chadwick B, Pitts N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Dental Journal

Year: 2016

Volume: 221

Issue: 6

Pages: 315-320

Online publication date: 23/09/2016

Acceptance date: 04/05/2016

Date deposited: 03/06/2016

ISSN (print): 0007-0610

ISSN (electronic): 1476-5373

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2016.682

DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2016.682


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