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Lookup NU author(s): Diego Manni,
Dr Viktor Korolchuk
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Aims: In heart failure (HF), mitochondrial quality control and autophagy are progressively impaired, but the role of oxidative stress in this process and its underlying mechanism remain to be defined. By degrading norepinephrine and serotonin, the mitochondrial enzyme, monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A), is a potent source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the heart and its activation leads to the persistence of mitochondrial damage. In this study, we analyzed the consequences of ROS generation by MAO-A on the autophagy-lysosome pathway in the heart. Results: Cardiomyocyte-driven expression of MAO-A in mice led to mitochondrial fission and translocation of Drp1 and Parkin in the mitochondrial compartment. Ventricles from MAO-A transgenic mice displayed accumulation of LC3-positive autophagosomes, together with p62 and ubiquitylated proteins, indicating impairment of autophagy. In vitro adenoviral delivery of MAO-A in cardiomyocytes and the consequent generation of ROS blocked autophagic flux with accumulation of LC3II, p62, and ubiquitylated proteins, leading to mitochondrial fission and cell necrosis. In addition, MAO-A activation induced accumulation of lysosomal proteins, cathepsin D and Lamp1, reduced lysosomal acidification, and blocked the nuclear translocation of transcription factor-EB (TFEB), a master regulator of autophagy and lysosome biogenesis. Most interestingly, overexpression of TFEB attenuated autophagosome buildup, mitochondrial fission, cardiomyocyte death, and HF associated with MAO-A activation. Innovation and Conclusion: This study unravels a new link between MAO-dependent H2O2 production and lysosomal dysfunction. Altogether, our findings demonstrate that the MAO-A/H2O2 axis has a negative impact on the elimination and recycling of mitochondria through the autophagy-lysosome pathway, which participates in cardiomyocyte death and HF.
Author(s): Santin Y, Sicard P, Vigneron F, Guilbeau-Frugier C, Dutaur M, Lairez O, Couderc B, Manni D, Korolchuk VI, Lezoualc'h F, Parini A, Mialet-Perez J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Print publication date: 05/07/2016
Online publication date: 09/03/2016
Acceptance date: 08/03/2016
ISSN (print): 1523-0864
ISSN (electronic): 1557-7716
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers
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