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Equipoise across the patient population: optimising recruitment to a randomised controlled trial

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paul Whybrow, Rob Pickard, Dr Susan Moloney, Dr Tim Rapley



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2016 The Author(s). Background: This paper proposes a novel perspective on the value of qualitative research for improving trial design and optimising recruitment. We report findings from a qualitative study set within the OPEN trial, a surgical randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing two interventions for recurrent bulbar urethral stricture, a common cause of urinary problems in men. Methods: Interviews were conducted with men meeting trial eligibility criteria (n = 19) to explore reasons for accepting or declining participation and with operating urologists (n = 15) to explore trial acceptability. Results: Patients expressed various preferences and understood these in the context of relative severity and tolerability of their symptoms. Accounts suggest a common trajectory of worsening symptoms with a particular window within which either treatment arm would be considered acceptable. Interviews with clinician recruiters found that uncertainty varied between general and specialist sites, which reflect clinicians' relative exposure to different proportions of the patient population. Conclusion: Recruitment post referral, at specialist sites, was challenging due to patient (and clinician) expectations. Trial design, particularly where there are fixed points for recruitment along the care pathway, can enable or constrain the possibilities for effective accrual depending on how it aligns with the optimum point of patient equipoise. Qualitative recruitment investigations, often focussed on information provision and patient engagement, may also look to better understand the target patient population in order to optimise the point at which patients are approached. Trial registration: ISRCTN Registry, ISRCTN98009168. Registered on 29 November 2012.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Whybrow P, Pickard R, Hrisos S, Rapley T

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Trials

Year: 2017

Volume: 18

Online publication date: 27/03/2017

Acceptance date: 16/11/2016

Date deposited: 25/04/2017

ISSN (electronic): 1745-6215

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd


DOI: 10.1186/s13063-016-1711-8


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Funder referenceFunder name
NIHR HTA, project number, 10/57/23