Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The ripple effect: Institutionalising pro-environmental values to shift societal norms and behaviours

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Mark Reed


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Contemporary markets and societal norms externalise many ecosystem services important for a sustainable future. A range of external legal, market, social protocol and other mechanisms, referred to as 'societal levers', constrain or otherwise influence the behaviour of resource managers, and the expectations and assumptions of the society within which they operate. These 'societal levers' have progressively institutionalised evolving societal values, influencing markets and other choices. We use the STEEP (social, technological, economic, environmental and political) framework to explore case studies of societal transitions, analysing how emergent concerns become shared and ultimately transformed into 'levers', shifting societal norms. Emerging concerns become influential only when they are shared across societal sectors, and when broader implications are realised across multiple dimensions of the STEEP framework. We propose and advocate use of a 'ripple effect' of values as a means to direct and accelerate the pace at which environmental concerns shape mainstream societal norms and structures, and become institutionalised in the form of 'societal levers'.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Everard M, Reed MS, Kenter JO

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Ecosystem Services

Year: 2016

Volume: 21

Issue: Part B

Pages: 230-240

Print publication date: 01/10/2016

Online publication date: 21/10/2016

Acceptance date: 03/08/2016

ISSN (print): 2212-0416

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.08.001


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-On (Work Package 6: Shared, Plural and Cultural Values) - UK Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
Welsh Government
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
315925European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)