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Early Home Activities and Oral Language Skills in Middle Childhood: A Quantile Analysis

Lookup NU author(s): Professor James LawORCiD, Tom King, Professor Sheena Reilly



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc., 2018.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Oral language development is a key outcome of elementary school, and it is important to identify factors thatpredict it most effectively. Commonly researchers use ordinary least squares regression with conclusionrestricted to average performance conditional on relevant covariates. Quantile regression offers a more sophisticatedalternative. Using data of 17,687 children from the United Kingdom’s Millennium Cohort Study, wecompared ordinary least squares and quantile models with language development (verbal similarities) at11 years as the outcome. Gender had more of an effect at the top of the distribution, while poverty, early language,and reading to the child had a greater effect at the bottom. The picture for TV watching was moremixed. The results are discussed in terms of the provision of universal and targeted interventions.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Law J, Rush R, King T, Westrupp E, Reilly S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Child Development

Year: 2018

Volume: 89

Issue: 1

Pages: 295-309

Print publication date: 01/01/2018

Online publication date: 23/02/2017

Acceptance date: 28/06/2016

Date deposited: 09/03/2017

ISSN (print): 0009-3920

ISSN (electronic): 1467-8624

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.


DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12727


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