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Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia Secondary to Nuclear-Encoded Mitochondrial Genes

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Patrick Yu Wai Man


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© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a slowly progressive extraocular muscle disorder characterized by bilateral, usually symmetrical, limitation of eye movements, and ptosis. This classical manifestation of mitochondrial disease can develop either in isolation or, more frequently, in association with other multisystemic features (CPEO plus). An expanding list of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes is now known to cause CPEO phenotypes, predominantly in the context of multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions, but also as part of mtDNA depletion syndromes. This genetic heterogeneity can result in diagnostic delays, which is further compounded by the clinical challenges inherent in distinguishing CPEO from other disorders that also present with external ophthalmoplegia and ptosis. Corrective ptosis surgery can be a highly effective treatment and alleviating symptoms of diplopia can make a significant difference to the individual's quality of life.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Yu-Wai-Man P

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Mitochondrial Case Studies: Underlying Mechanisms and Diagnosis

Year: 2015

Pages: 159-169

Print publication date: 24/11/2015

Online publication date: 04/12/2015

Acceptance date: 01/01/1900

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.


DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800877-5.00018-8

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9780128011492