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Associations of vitamin D status with dietary intakes and physical activity levels among adults from seven European countries: the Food4Me study

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Carlos Celis Morales, Dr Katherine Livingstone, Professor John Matthews, Professor John Mathers

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This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Springer, 2018.

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Abstract

© 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Purpose: To report the vitamin D status in adults from seven European countries and to identify behavioural correlates. Methods: In total, 1075 eligible adult men and women from Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Greece, UK, Poland and Germany, were included in the study. Results: Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency, defined as 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 (25-OHD3) concentration of <30 and 30–49.9 nmol/L, respectively, were observed in 3.3 and 30.6% of the participants. The highest prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was found in the UK and the lowest in the Netherlands (8.2 vs. 1.1%, P < 0.05). In addition, the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency was higher in females compared with males (36.6 vs. 22.6%, P < 0.001), in winter compared with summer months (39.3 vs. 25.0%, P < 0.05) and in younger compared with older participants (36.0 vs. 24.4%, P < 0.05). Positive dose–response associations were also observed between 25-OHD3 concentrations and dietary vitamin D intake from foods and supplements, as well as with physical activity (PA) levels. Vitamin D intakes of ≥5 μg/day from foods and ≥5 μg/day from supplements, as well as engagement in ≥30 min/day of moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA were associated with higher odds (P < 0.05) for maintaining sufficient (≥50 nmol/L) 25-OHD3 concentrations. Conclusions: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency varied considerably among European adults. Dietary intakes of ≥10 μg/day of vitamin D from foods and/or supplements and at least 30 min/day of moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA were the minimum thresholds associated with vitamin D sufficiency.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Manios Y, Moschonis G, Lambrinou CP, Mavrogianni C, Tsirigoti L, Hoeller U, Roos FF, Bendik I, Eggersdorfer M, Celis-Morales C, Livingstone KM, Marsaux CFM, Macready AL, Fallaize R, O'Donovan CB, Woolhead C, Forster H, Walsh MC, Navas-Carretero S, San-Cristobal R, Kolossa S, Hallmann J, Jarosz M, Surwillo A, Traczyk I, Drevon CA, van Ommen B, Grimaldi K, Matthews JNS, Daniel H, Martinez JA, Lovegrove JA, Gibney ER, Brennan L, Saris WHM, Gibney M, Mathers JC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Nutrition

Year: 2018

Volume: 57

Issue: 4

Pages: 1357-1368

Print publication date: 01/06/2018

Online publication date: 13/03/2017

Acceptance date: 19/02/2017

Date deposited: 26/07/2018

ISSN (print): 1436-6207

ISSN (electronic): 1436-6215

Publisher: Springer

URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-017-1415-1

DOI: 10.1007/s00394-017-1415-1


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