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An association of particulate air pollution and traffic exposure with mortality after lung transplantation in Europe

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Nick Europe-Finner, Professor Andrew FisherORCiD, Dr James Lordan, Dr Gerard Meachery, Dr Bart Vanaudenaerde


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Copyright © ERS 2016. Air pollution from road traffic is a serious health risk, especially for susceptible individuals. Single-centre studies showed an association with chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) and survival after lung transplantation, but there are no large studies. 13 lung transplant centres in 10 European countries created a cohort of 5707 patients. For each patient, we quantified residential particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) by land use regression models, and the traffic exposure by quantifying total road length within buffer zones around the home addresses of patients and distance to a major road or freeway. After correction for macrolide use, we found associations between air pollution variables and CLAD/mortality. Given the important interaction with macrolides, we stratified according to macrolide use. No associations were observed in 2151 patients taking macrolides. However, in 3556 patients not taking macrolides, mortality was associated with PM10 (hazard ratio 1.081, 95% CI 1.000-1.167); similarly, CLAD and mortality were associated with road lengths in buffers of 200-1000 and 100-500 m, respectively (hazard ratio 1.085-1.130). Sensitivity analyses for various possible confounders confirmed the robustness of these associations. Long-term residential air pollution and traffic exposure were associated with CLAD and survival after lung transplantation, but only in patients not taking macrolides.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ruttens D, Verleden SE, Bijnens EM, Winckelmans E, Gottlieb J, Warnecke G, Meloni F, Morosini M, Van Der Bij W, Verschuuren EA, Sommerwerck U, Weinreich G, Kamler M, Roman A, Gomez-Olles S, Berastegui C, Benden C, Holm AM, Iversen M, Schultz HH, Luijk B, Oudijk E-J, Kwakkel-Van Erp JM, Jaksch P, Klepetko W, Kneidinger N, Neurohr C, Corris P, Fisher AJ, Lordan J, Meachery G, Piloni D, Vandermeulen E, Bellon H, Hoffmann B, Vienneau D, Hoek G, De Hoogh K, Nemery B, Verleden GM, Vos R, Nawrot TS, Vanaudenaerde BM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Respiratory Journal

Year: 2017

Volume: 49

Issue: 1

Print publication date: 01/01/2017

Online publication date: 18/01/2017

Acceptance date: 19/09/2016

ISSN (print): 0903-1936

ISSN (electronic): 1399-3003

Publisher: European Respiratory Society


DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00484-2016


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