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Forging mens et manus: The MIT experience in upper extremity robotic therapy

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Hermano Krebs


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© Springer International Publishing 2016. MIT’s motto is “Mens et Manus” (Mind and Hand), and we have adopted it as the guiding rule (principle) for our line of research: using robotics and information technology to reconnect the brain to the hand. Nurture allows a patient to reduce impairment, increase function, and improve the quality of life beyond natural recovery. This chapter describes our efforts toward this goal since the initial development of the MIT-Manus in 1989. Numerous clinical trials involving thousands of patients (subjects) working with (receiving therapy using) the commercial version of the MITManus have been conducted since then, and we have created a complete robotic gym for the upper extremity. Recently, the American Heart Association and the Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense endorsed the use of robot-assisted therapy in stroke rehabilitation for upper extremity, and we have been focusing on how to tailor therapy to a particular patient’s need and in determining who is a responder (and no-responder) to this kind of intervention.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Krebs HI, Edwards D, Hogan N

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Neurorehabilitation Technology, Second Edition

Year: 2016

Pages: 333-350

Print publication date: 04/08/2016

Acceptance date: 02/04/2016

Publisher: Springer International Publishing


DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28603-7_16

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9783319286037