Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Dr Wendy Wrieden
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Frequent consumption of energy-dense foods has been strongly implicated in the global increase of obesity. The World Cancer ResearchFund suggests a population-level energy density (ED) goal for diets of 523 kJ/100 g (125 kcal/100 g) as desirable for reducing weight gainand related co-morbidities. However, there is limited information about the ED of diets of contemporary populations. The aims of the presentstudy were to (1) estimate the mean ED of the Scottish diet, (2) assess differences in ED over time by socio-economic position, byhousehold (HH) composition and for HH meeting dietary targets for fat and fruit and vegetables, and (3) assess the relationship betweenED and the consumption of foods and nutrients, which are indicative of diet quality. ED of the diet was estimated from food (includingmilk) from UK food purchase survey data. The average ED of the Scottish diet was estimated as 718 kJ/100 g with no change between thesurvey periods 2001 and 2009. Individuals living in the most deprived areas had a higher mean ED than those living in the least deprivedareas (737 v. 696 kJ/100 g). Single-parent HH had the highest mean ED (765 kJ/100 g) of all the HH surveyed. The mean ED of HH achievingdietary targets for fat and fruit and vegetables was 576 kJ/100 g compared with 731 kJ/100 g for non-achievers. HH within the lowest quintileof ED were, on average, closest to meeting most dietary guidelines. Food purchase data can be used to monitor the quality of the diet interms of dietary ED of the population and subgroups defined by an area-based measure of socio-economic status.
Author(s): Barton KL, Wrieden WL, Sherriff A, Armstrong J, Anderson AS
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Nutrition
Print publication date: 14/07/2014
Online publication date: 07/05/2014
Acceptance date: 16/01/2014
ISSN (print): 0007-1145
ISSN (electronic): 1475-2662
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric