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An examination of the politics of privatization of water and sanitation services in Africa, Europe, and Latin America (1990-2004) - Cases from Finland and Greece

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Esteban CastroORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


This publication features two articles presenting edited materials based on the original reports from the case studies carried out in Finland and Greece during the PRINWASS Project ( These two cases provide examples from constrating experiences, which have important lessons for current debates on the privatization of essential public services. The Finnish cases examined in Article 1 illustrate a tradition of water services management strongly based on municipal control of essential public services. Although there has been historically a strong interaction between the public and private sectors, the provision of essential water and sanitation services is under municipal control, and the standards of provision are very high in terms of quality and coverage. Still, being part of the European Union, Finland has also been under pressure to allow stronger private-sector participation in the provision of essential public services, and the article highlights different scenarios facing the provision of water and sanitation services in the country resulting from these pressures. Article 2 presents a very detailed analysis of the privatization policies implemented in Athens in the late 1990s. The provision of water and sanitation services in Greece constrasts sharply with the Finnish situation, as the introduction of privatization policies in the country resembles more clearly the general pattern of neoliberal policies implemented worldwide during the 1990s.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Castro JE, Seppälä O, Katko T, Pietilä P, Kallis G, Coccossis H

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: WATERLAT-GOBACIT Working Papers

Year: 2017

Volume: 4

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-181

Online publication date: 31/03/2017

Acceptance date: 28/02/2017

Date deposited: 18/06/2017

ISSN (print): 2056-4856

ISSN (electronic): 2056-4864

Publisher: WATERLAT-GOBACIT Research Network


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.77176


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