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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Neil Boonham
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© 2017 Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea) is the ascomycete fungus which causes ash dieback, a potentially lethal disease of Fraxinus excelsior in Europe. Isolation and culturing of H. fraxineus is time consuming and there is a need for rapid, specific diagnostic tools to assist in the deployment of appropriate phytosanitary measures. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a nucleic acid amplification method which can be used for on-site diagnosis. OptiGene have recently released a kit for rapid in planta detection of H. fraxineus using LAMP. The performance of the kit was evaluated for use in the laboratory and in the field in a comparison with real-time PCR, and the kit was also validated according to EPPO standard 7/98. The analytical sensitivity of the kit was found to be 7 pg of DNA extracted from pure culture. The kit was rapid, with an average time to positive of 15.5 min for field samples. A comparison of real-time PCR and LAMP was carried out in the laboratory and in the field. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of the LAMP kit in the laboratory were 90.2% and 98.0% respectively, and 98.3% and 88.6% in the field. Positive and negative predictive values and likelihood ratios were also calculated and considered in relation to the prevalence of the disease. The kit was found to be a useful diagnostic tool which can be applied in the field.
Author(s): Harrison C, Tomlinson J, Ostoja-Starzewska S, Boonham N
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: European Journal of Plant Pathology
Print publication date: 01/10/2017
Online publication date: 12/02/2017
Acceptance date: 06/02/2017
ISSN (print): 0929-1873
ISSN (electronic): 1573-8469
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
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