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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Giles Budge,
Professor Neil Boonham
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A real-time PCR assay specific for Sclerotium cepivorum, the causal agent of white rot in onions, was developed for use with a new DNA extraction method capable of processing up to 1 kg of soil in weight. The assay was specific for S. cepivorum when tested against 24 isolates representative of 14 closely related species and other pathogens of onion. The assay was highly sensitive when used with soil DNA extracted using the new DNA extraction procedure. In three different field soils tested, a good relationship between cycle threshold (Ct) and number of sclerotia was observed (R 2 = 0. 89). Twenty-nine soil samples from onion and leek crops were obtained and the pathogen was detected in four samples. All four positive samples were associated with current or past outbreaks of white rot of onion. Additional assays were also used on the 29 field soil samples, Botrytis aclada and Rhizoctonia solani AG8 were also detected, in one soil sample each. Rhizoctonia solani AG2-1 was more widespread and was detected in eight different soil samples. The method is therefore suitable to quantify levels of S. cepivorum in soil samples, with the added advantage that the technique allows other soil pathogens of interest to be assayed from the same DNA sample. The bulk soil DNA extraction method described here has the potential to be used to detect soil-borne pests and pathogens for other crops in a wide range of soil types. © 2012 Crown Copyright 2012.
Author(s): Woodhall JW, Webb KM, Giltrap PM, Adams IP, Peters JC, Budge GE, Boonham N
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: European Journal of Plant Pathology
Print publication date: 01/11/2012
Online publication date: 14/07/2012
ISSN (print): 0929-1873
ISSN (electronic): 1573-8469
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