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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Brian Walker
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Insulin resistance and associated metabolic sequelae are common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are positively and independently associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. However, the pathogenesis has yet to be fully elucidated. 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) catalyzes intracellular regeneration of active glucocorticoids, promoting insulin resistance in liver and other metabolic tissues. Using two experimental rat models of CKD (subtotal nephrectomy and adenine diet) which show early insulin resistance, we found that 11βHSD1 mRNA and protein increase in hepatic and adipose tissue, together with increased hepatic 11βHSD1 activity. This was associated with intrahepatic but not circulating glucocorticoid excess, and increased hepatic gluconeogenesis and lipogenesis. Oral administration of the 11βHSD inhibitor carbenoxolone to uremic rats for 2 wk improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, improved insulin signaling, and reduced hepatic expression of gluconeogenic and lipogenic genes. Furthermore, 11βHSD1./. mice and rats treated with a specific 11βHSD1 inhibitor (UE2316) were protected from metabolic disturbances despite similar renal dysfunction following adenine experimental uremia. Therefore, we demonstrate that elevated hepatic 11βHSD1 is an important contributor to early insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in uremia. Specific 11βHSD1 inhibitors potentially represent a novel therapeutic approach for management of insulin resistance in patients with CKD.
Author(s): Chapagain A, Caton PW, Kieswich J, Andrikopoulos P, Nayuni N, Long JH, Harwood SM, Webster SP, Raftery MJ, Thiemermann C, Walker BR, Seckl JR, Corder R, Yaqoob MM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Print publication date: 11/03/2014
Online publication date: 25/02/2014
Acceptance date: 29/01/2014
ISSN (print): 0027-8424
ISSN (electronic): 1091-6490
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
PubMed id: 24569863
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