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Social Stories in mainstream schools for children with autism spectrum disorder: a feasibility randomised controlled trial

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Joy Adamson



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of recruitment, retention, outcome measures and intervention training/delivery among teachers, parents and children. To calculate a sample size estimation for full trial. DESIGN: A single-centre, unblinded, cluster feasibility randomised controlled trial examining Social Stories delivered within a school environment compared with an attentional control. SETTING: 37 primary schools in York, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 50 participants were recruited and a cluster randomisation approach by school was examined. Participants were randomised into the treatment group (n=23) or a waiting list control group (n=27). OUTCOME MEASURES: Acceptability and feasibility of the trial, intervention and of measurements required to assess outcomes in a definitive trial. RESULTS: An assessment of the questionnaire completion rates indicated teachers would be most appropriate to complete the primary outcome measure. 2 outcome measures: the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS)-2 and a goal-based measure showed both the highest levels of completion rates (above 80%) at the primary follow-up point (6 weeks postintervention) and captured relevant social and behaviour outcomes. Power calculations were based on these 2 outcome measures leading to a total proposed sample size of 180 participant groups. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that a future trial would be feasible to conduct and could inform the policy and practice of using Social Stories in mainstream schools. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN96286707; Results.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Marshall D, Wright B, Allgar V, Adamson J, Williams C, Ainsworth H, Cook L, Varley D, Hackney L, Dempster P, Ali S, Trepel D, Collingridge Moore D, Littlewood E, McMillan D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: BMJ Open

Year: 2016

Volume: 6

Issue: 8

Pages: e011748-e011748

Print publication date: 01/08/2016

Online publication date: 11/08/2016

Acceptance date: 06/06/2016

Date deposited: 24/01/2018

ISSN (electronic): 2044-6055

Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011748

PubMed id: 27515756


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