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Equistatin and equinatoxin gene expression is influenced by environmental temperature in the sea anemone Actinia equina

Lookup NU author(s): Emily O'Hara, Dr Gary Caldwell, Professor John BythellORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


We examined the gene expression levels of equinatoxin and equistatin in the sea anemone Actinia equina, when reared at varying environmental temperatures for five months. Both genes were significantly downregulated at 10 °C compared to 16 °C but showed no significant change at 22 °C. This provides the first evidence of an effect of temperature on gene expression, but with no effect of increasing temperatures such as those predicted due to climate change.

Publication metadata

Author(s): O'Hara EP, Caldwell GS, Bythell J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Toxicon

Year: 2018

Volume: 153

Pages: 12-16

Print publication date: 01/10/2018

Online publication date: 23/08/2018

Acceptance date: 19/08/2018

Date deposited: 05/09/2018

ISSN (print): 0041-0101

ISSN (electronic): 1879-3150

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2018.08.004


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