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Electronic feedback on second language writing: A retrospective and prospective essay on multimodality

Lookup NU author(s): Cheng-Yi Chang, Dr Müge SatarORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Equinox Publishers, 2017.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


As technology has made a range of modes of communication available and created new ways to integrate these modes, feedback has become increasingly electronic and multimodal. From written to audio, video, and screencast feedback, the multimodal options for electronic feedback (e-feedback) have expanded in such a way that we might speak of a 'multimodal turn' in feedback on foreign and second language writing. However, feedback studies on second language writing are just beginning to explore these complex areas. This essay offers a multimodal perspective on e-feedback by illustrating the scope of current research and highlights future research directions. The retrospective underscores the scarcity of research in the area with a specific focus on multimodality and identifies needs for speciality feedback systems that consider practical and contextualized perspectives. We argue that future research should strive for a context-rich description of e-feedback activities, gathering thick data about feedback provision, learner engagement with feedback and uptake through screencasting, eye-tracking, and keystroke logging technologies. These data should be triangulated with information about all factors impacting the feedback activity outcome, ranging from participant variables over modal affordances of the platforms used to environmental factors like institutional support.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Chang C, Kelly JC, Satar HM, Strobl C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Writing & Pedagogy

Year: 2017

Volume: 9

Issue: 3

Pages: 405-428

Online publication date: 27/04/2018

Acceptance date: 10/01/2018

Date deposited: 14/03/2018

ISSN (print): 1756–5839

ISSN (electronic): 1756–5847

Publisher: Equinox Publishers


DOI: 10.1558/wap.32515


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