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Neuropathology and biochemistry of early onset familial Alzheimer’s disease caused by presenilin-1 missense mutation Thr116Asn

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Johannes Attems


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© 2018 Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature The majority (~ 55%) of early onset familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) is caused by mutations in the presenilin 1 gene (PSEN1). Here, we describe a family with early onset FAD with a missense mutation in the PSEN1 gene (Thr116Asn). Five family members developed dementia in the third decade of life. One subject underwent autopsy. The onset of clinical symptoms was at the age of 37 years and the disease progressed rapidly. The clinical picture was characterised by progressive memory impairment, amnestic aphasia, and gait disturbances. Neuropathological assessment revealed widespread β-amyloid (Thal phase 5) and tau (Braak stage 6) pathology. Abundant deposition of diffuse and cored plaques was distributed in cortical and subcortical areas, as well as in the cerebellum, while cotton wool plaques were observed mainly in the occipital cortex. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy was present throughout the brain. In the neocortex, tau pathology, especially neuropil threads, was more abundant in the frontal and occipital cortex and in the hippocampus. Proteomic analyses revealed that the pattern of sarkosyl-insoluble tau was similar to the one seen in sporadic AD. No α-synuclein or TDP-43 pathology was found either in cortical nor in subcortical areas. Here, we present the first comprehensive neuropathological and biochemical study of early onset FAD with a missense mutation Thr116Asn in the presenilin 1 gene. In contrast to other PS1-linked AD patients, the present subject developed cotton wool plaques which were not associated with spastic paraparesis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sutovsky S, Smolek T, Turcani P, Petrovic R, Brandoburova P, Jadhav S, Novak P, Attems J, Zilka N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Neural Transmission

Year: 2018

Volume: 125

Issue: 6

Pages: 965-976

Print publication date: 01/06/2018

Online publication date: 05/02/2018

Acceptance date: 29/01/2018

ISSN (print): 0300-9564

ISSN (electronic): 1435-1463

Publisher: Springer-Verlag Wien


DOI: 10.1007/s00702-018-1850-z


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