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Higher vegetable protein consumption, assessed by an isoenergetic macronutrient exchange model, is associated with a lower presence of overweight and obesity in the web-based Food4me European study

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Katherine Livingstone, Dr Carlos Celis Morales, Professor John Mathers



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor & Francis, 2019.

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The objective was to evaluate differences in macronutrient intake and to investigate the possible association between consumption of vegetable protein and the risk of overweight/obesity, within the Food4Me randomised, online intervention. Differences in macronutrient consumption among the participating countries grouped by EU Regions (Western Europe, British Isles, Eastern Europe and Southern Europe) were assessed. Relation of protein intake, within isoenergetic exchange patterns, from vegetable or animal sources with risk of overweight/obesity was assessed through the multivariate nutrient density model and a multivariate-adjusted logistic regression.A total of 2413 subjects who completed the Food4Me screening were included, with self-reported data on age, weight, height, physical activity and dietary intake. As success rates on reducing overweight/obesity are very low, form a public health perspective, the elaboration of policies for increasing intakes of vegetable protein and reducing animal protein and sugars, may be a method of combating overweight/obesity at a population level.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Navas-Carretero S, San-Cristobal R, Livingstone KM, Celis-Morales C, Marsaux CF, Macready AL, Fallaize R, O’Donovan CB, Forster H, Woolhead C, Moschonis G, Lambrinou CP, Jarosz M, Manios Y, Daniel H, Gibney ER, Brennan L, Walsh MC, Drevon CA, Gibney M, Saris WHM, Lovegrove JA, Mathers JC, Martinez JA, on behalf of the Food4Me Study

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Year: 2019

Volume: 70

Issue: 2

Pages: 240-253

Print publication date: 01/02/2019

Online publication date: 26/07/2018

Acceptance date: 20/06/2018

Date deposited: 29/06/2018

ISSN (print): 0963-7486

ISSN (electronic): 1465-3478

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


DOI: 10.1080/09637486.2018.1492524


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Funder referenceFunder name
265494Commission of the European Communities