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Developing Behavior Change Interventions for Self-Management in Chronic Illness: An Integrative Overview

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Vera Araujo-SoaresORCiD, Dr Justin Presseau, Dr Angela Rodrigues, Professor Falko Sniehotta



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


More people than ever are living longer with chronic conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Behaviour change for effective self-management can improve health outcomes and quality of life in people living with such chronic illnesses. The science of developing behaviour change interventions with impact for patients aims to optimize the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance of interventions and rigorous evaluation of outcomes and processes of behaviour change. The development of new services and technologies offers opportunities to enhance the scope of delivery of interventions to support behaviour change and self-management at scale. Herein, we review key contemporary approaches to intervention development, provide a critical overview and integrate these approaches into a pragmatic, user-friendly framework to rigorously guide decision making in behaviour change intervention development. Moreover, we highlight novel emerging methods for rapid and agile intervention development. On-going progress in the science of intervention development is needed to remain in step with such new developments and to continue to leverage behavioural science’s capacity to contribute to optimizing interventions, modify behaviour and facilitate self-management in individuals living with chronic illness.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Araújo-Soares V, Hankonen N, Presseau J, Rodrigues AM, Sniehotta FF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Psychologist

Year: 2019

Volume: 24

Issue: 1

Pages: 7-25

Print publication date: 01/01/2019

Online publication date: 16/08/2018

Acceptance date: 19/04/2018

Date deposited: 26/07/2018

ISSN (print): 1016-9040

ISSN (electronic): 1878-531X

Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing


DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000330


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