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Effect of effluent and sludge recirculation ratios on integrated fixed films A2O system nutrients removal efficiency treating sewage

Lookup NU author(s): Shamas Tabraiz, Aumber Abbas, Dr Burhan ShamuradORCiD, Dr Kishor AcharyaORCiD, Dr Evangelos Petropoulos



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


© 2018 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved. Anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A2O) reactors are commonly used to remove nutrients from wastewater due to their high biological nutrient removal (BNR) potential as compared with conventional activated sludge. A2O often allows sludge and treated effluent recirculation to enhance biological total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorous (TP) removal. Addition of fixed film in A2O reactors promotes attached biomass growth and accelerates BNR process. A bench scaled A2O reactor with integrated fixed film in all three zones was set to evaluate the effect of the effluent and secondary sludge recirculation rate to the chemical oxygen demand (COD), TN, TP removal efficiency. Five different recirculation scenarios were tested, sludge-effluent:influent of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40%. The results showed that COD, TN, and TP can be in principle reduced without recirculation; however, the effluent is significantly polished when a recirculation stream is added at an optimum of 30%, achieving a maximum of 92.0%, 97.7%, and 74.6% removal for COD, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, and TP, respectively. Further increase of the recirculation ratio does not significantly improve the treatment process.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Tabraiz S, Hassan S, Abbas A, Nasreen S, Zeeshan M, Fida S, Shamurad BA, Acharya K, Petropoulos E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Desalination and Water Treatment

Year: 2018

Volume: 114

Pages: 120-127

Print publication date: 01/05/2018

Acceptance date: 13/04/2018

Date deposited: 21/01/2020

ISSN (print): 1944-3994

ISSN (electronic): 1944-3986

Publisher: Desalination Publications


DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2018.22356


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