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Institutional discrimination of women and workplace harassment of female expatriates: Evidence from 25 host countries

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Benjamin Bader



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Emerald, 2018.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


The purpose of this paper is to investigate workplace gender harassment of female expatriates across 25 host countries and consider the role of institutional-level gender discrimination as a boundary condition. Further, the study investigates the effects of workplace gender harassment on frustration and job satisfaction and general job stress as a moderator. The sample is comprised of 160 expatriates residing in 25 host countries. The authors test the model using partial least-squares structural equation modeling. The results show that female expatriates experience more workplace gender harassment than male expatriates. This effect is particularly pronounced in host countries with strong institutional-level gender discrimination. Moreover, the authors found significant main effects of gender harassment on expatriates’ frustration and job satisfaction.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bader B, Stoermer S, Bader AK, Schuster T

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Global Mobility

Year: 2018

Volume: 6

Issue: 1

Pages: 40-58

Online publication date: 03/12/2018

Acceptance date: 23/10/2017

Date deposited: 16/01/2019

ISSN (print): 2049-8799

Publisher: Emerald


DOI: 10.1108/JGM-06-2017-0022


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