Lookup NU author(s): Professor Caroline Relton
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© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Background Increased vitamin B6 catabolism related to inflammation, as measured by the PAr index (the ratio of 4-pyridoxic acid over the sum of pyridoxal and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate), has been positively associated with lung cancer risk in two prospective European studies. However, the extent to which this association translates to more diverse populations is not known. Materials and methods For this study, we included 5323 incident lung cancer cases and 5323 controls individually matched by age, sex, and smoking status within each of 20 prospective cohorts from the Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium. Cohort-specific odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between PAr and lung cancer risk were calculated using conditional logistic regression and pooled using random-effects models. Results PAr was positively associated with lung cancer risk in a dose-response fashion. Comparing the fourth versus first quartiles of PAr resulted in an OR of 1.38 (95% CI: 1.19-1.59) for overall lung cancer risk. The association between PAr and lung cancer risk was most prominent in former smokers (OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.36-2.10), men (OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.28-2.00), and for cancers diagnosed within 3 years of blood draw (OR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.34-2.23). Conclusion Based on pre-diagnostic data from 20 cohorts across 4 continents, this study confirms that increased vitamin B6 catabolism related to inflammation and immune activation is associated with a higher risk of developing lung cancer. Moreover, PAr may be a pre-diagnostic marker of lung cancer rather than a causal factor.
Author(s): Zuo H, Ueland PM, Midttun O, Tell GS, Fanidi A, Zheng W, Shu X, Xiang Y, Wu J, Prentice R, Pettinger M, Thomson CA, Giles GG, Hodge A, Cai Q, Blot WJ, Johansson M, Hultdin J, Grankvist K, Stevens VL, McCullough ML, Weinstein SJ, Albanes D, Ziegler RG, Freedman ND, Caporaso NE, Langhammer A, Hveem K, Naess M, Buring JE, Lee I, Gaziano JM, Severi G, Zhang X, Stampfer MJ, Han J, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Marchand LL, Yuan J, Wang R, Koh W, Gao Y, Ericson U, Visvanathan K, Jones MR, Relton C, Brennan P, Johansson M, Ulvik A
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Annals of Oncology
Online publication date: 30/01/2019
Acceptance date: 02/04/2018
ISSN (print): 0923-7534
ISSN (electronic): 1569-8041
Publisher: Oxford University Press
PubMed id: 30698666
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