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National identity and cross-border business focus of expatriates and host-country managers in the United Arab Emirates

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Parth PatelORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of a conference proceedings (inc. abstract) that has been published in its final definitive form by Academy of International Business, 2019.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


The aim of this study is to evaluate the dimensions of national identity and cross-border business focus for six different nationalities in a Middle Eastern work environment. We collected data from over 200 employees working in educational, medical and oil-related sectors in the United Arab Emirates. We used factor analysis to determine the underlying factor structures of national identity and cross-border business focus. The results demonstrate that the most significant demographic variables affecting national identity and cross-border business focus are age, level of education, industry and religion, while gender, country-of-origin and nationality are less significant. This paper contributes to extant knowledge on national identity and augments explanations about the cross-border business focus of both expatriates and host-country nationals. The paper discusses the implications, limitations and directions for future research.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bealer D, Patel P, Bhanugopan R

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: Academy of International Business (AIB) Annual Meeting

Year of Conference: 2019

Online publication date: 26/06/2019

Acceptance date: 15/02/2019

Date deposited: 05/09/2019

Publisher: Academy of International Business


Notes: Conference title: International Business in an Unsettling Political and Economic Environment

Sponsor(s): Copenhagen Business School