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Resolving the natural myocardial remodelling brought upon by cardiac contraction; a porcine ex-vivo cardiovascular magnetic resonance study of the left and right ventricle

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Bob Anderson



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2019 The Author(s). Background: The three-dimensional rearrangement of the right ventricular (RV) myocardium during cardiac deformation is unknown. Previous in-vivo studies have shown that myocardial left ventricular (LV) deformation is driven by rearrangement of aggregations of cardiomyocytes that can be characterised by changes in the so-called E3-angle. Ex-vivo imaging offers superior spatial resolution compared with in-vivo measurements, and can thus provide novel insight into the deformation of the myocardial microstructure in both ventricles. This study sought to describe the dynamic changes of the orientations of the cardiomyocytes in both ventricles brought upon by cardiac contraction, with particular interest in the thin-walled RV, which has not previously been described in terms of its micro-architecture. Methods: The hearts of 14 healthy 20 kg swine were excised and preserved in either a relaxed state or a contracted state. Myocardial architecture was assessed and compared between the two contractional states by quantification of the helical, transmural and E3-angles of the cardiomyocytes using high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging. Results: The differences between the two states of contraction were most pronounced in the endocardium where the E3-angle decreased from 78.6° to 24.8° in the LV and from 82.6° to 68.6° in the RV. No significant change in neither the helical nor the transmural angle was found in the cardiomyocytes of the RV. In the endocardium of the LV, however, the helical angle increased from 35.4° to 47.8° and the transmural angle increased from 3.1° to 10.4°. Conclusion: The entire myocardium rearranges through the cardiac cycle with the change in the orientation of the aggregations of cardiomyocytes being the predominant mediator of myocardial wall thickening. Interestingly, differences also exist between the RV and LV, which helps in the explanation of the different physiological capabilities of the ventricles.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Omann C, Agger P, Bogh N, Laustsen C, Ringgaard S, Stephenson RS, Anderson RH, Hjortdal VE, Smerup M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Year: 2019

Volume: 21

Issue: 1

Online publication date: 01/07/2019

Acceptance date: 29/05/2019

Date deposited: 22/07/2019

ISSN (print): 1097-6647

ISSN (electronic): 1532-429X

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd


DOI: 10.1186/s12968-019-0547-2


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