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TMT socio-demographic traits and employee satisfaction

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Saurabh BhattacharyaORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor and Francis, 2022.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Leveraging upper echelons theory, this study explores the relationship between top management teams’ (TMT) socio-demographic traits and employee satisfaction. Analyzing employee satisfaction survey data for 197 Indian firms from the information technology, entertainment and tourism industries, we find that a TMT’s higher average age and larger size deteriorates employee satisfaction. Furthermore, functional and educational heterogeneity is positively related to employee satisfaction. We discuss the implications of this research for employee job satisfaction as well as upper echelons theory.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Agnihotri A, Bhattacharya S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The International Journal of Human Resource Management

Year: 2022

Volume: 33

Issue: 9

Pages: 1719-1753

Online publication date: 23/06/2020

Acceptance date: 31/05/2020

Date deposited: 28/06/2020

ISSN (print): 0958-5192

ISSN (electronic): 1466-4399

Publisher: Taylor and Francis


DOI: 10.1080/09585192.2020.1783341


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