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Lookup NU author(s): Dominika Kwasnicka,
Professor Falko Sniehotta
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© 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This commentary expands on the recent critical review by Swann et al. (2020) which aimed to update the applications of Goal-Setting Theory (Locke & Latham, 2019) in physical activity promotion. Drawing from other work on goal striving and behaviour change, we make four key points to further elaborate on Swann et al.’s review. First, goals are more likely to be enacted if they are specific, personally relevant and pursued for autonomous motives; performance goals can be useful for inactive individuals if set appropriately and self-endorsed. Second, goal striving needs to be flexible and adjustable, and to consider goal priorities and time factors relevant to goal engagement and disengagement. Goal-Setting Theory would therefore benefit from being expanded to add the factors of goal priority, context, and time. Third, research on goal setting in physical activity could benefit from embracing idiographic designs and interventions. Fourth, other theoretical approaches to goal striving should be considered when discussing goal setting in physical activity promotion.
Author(s): Kwasnicka D, Ntoumanis N, Sniehotta FF
Publication type: Note
Publication status: Published
Journal: Health Psychology Review
Print publication date: 01/01/2021
Online publication date: 15/06/2020
Acceptance date: 20/04/2020
ISSN (print): 1743-7199
ISSN (electronic): 1743-7202