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The influence of coach interior partitions and seat leaf-tables on occupant injury in a frontal collision

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Emmanuel Matsika, Professor Mark RobinsonORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor & Francis, 2022.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


For a typical coach, interior seats and partitions are considered as secondary collision objects in the event of a frontal collision. When a seatback has a deployable leaf-table, the additional effect of the leaf-table should be considered too. To investigate the effect of occupant collision with these objects, a full-scale frontal crash test of a coach was conducted with an impact velocity of 30km/h. For virtual tests, a coupling model of partition-seat-occupants on a sled was established using the combination of LS-DYNA and MADYMO. It was validated using the full-scale test. The injury severity of the first row occupants was evaluated under different restraint conditions. Results show that occupants who are not belted and those with a lap belt only have the highest injury severity. A comparison of kinematics and injury characteristics between the first row occupants and the non-first row occupants was conducted to provide a comparative analysis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Peng Q, Sun T, Zhu P, Han F, Matsika E, Robinson M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Crashworthiness

Year: 2022

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 337-346

Online publication date: 03/09/2020

Acceptance date: 02/08/2020

Date deposited: 03/08/2020

ISSN (print): 1358-8265

ISSN (electronic): 1754-2111

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


DOI: 10.1080/13588265.2020.1807287

Notes: Paper written between Xiamen University of Technology and Newcastle University through the XMUT-NU collaborative research MoU


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