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The impact of school exclusion zone planning guidance on the number and type of food outlets in an English local authority: A longitudinal analysis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Heather BrownORCiD, Dr Viviana AlbaniORCiD, Louis Goffe



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


The use of planning policy to manage and create a healthy food environment has become a popular policy tool for local governments in England. To date there has been no evaluation on their short-term impact on the built environment. We assess if planning guidance restricting new fast food outlets within 400 metres of a secondary school, influences the food environment in the local authority of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. We have administrative data on all food outlets in Newcastle 3 years pre-intervention 2012-2015, the intervention year 2016, and three years’ post-intervention 2016-2019. We employ a difference-in-difference approach comparing postcodes within the school fast food outlet exclusion zone to those outside the fast-food exclusion zones. In the short term (3 years), planning guidance to limit the number of new fast-food outlets in a school exclusion zone did not have a statistically significant impact on the food environment when compared with a control zone.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Brown H, Kirkman S, Albani V, Goffe L, Akhter N, Hollingsworth B, von Hinke S, Lake A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Health and Place

Year: 2021

Volume: 70

Online publication date: 09/06/2021

Acceptance date: 01/06/2021

Date deposited: 07/06/2021

ISSN (print): 1353-8292

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2054

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102600


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