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PROTOCOL: The association between whole‐grain dietary intake and noncommunicable diseases: A systematic review and meta‐analysis.

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Wasim Iqbal, Dr Gavin Stewart, Emeritus Professor Chris SealORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Our primary research questions are: (1) What is the association between whole grains(WG) intake and the prevalence of NCDs (i.e., type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease,obesity, cancer, mortality) and their biomarkers? (2) Which biomarker(s) has/have thebgreatest association with WG intake when combining multiple biomarkers together in the same analysis? Our secondary research question is:(3)Are there dose–response relationships between WG intake and biomarkers and prevalence of NCDs which could help inform a universal recommendation for WG intake?

Publication metadata

Author(s): Iqbal WA, Stewart GB, Smith A, Errington L, Seal CJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Campbell Systematic Reviews

Year: 2021

Volume: 17

Issue: 3

Pages: e1186

Print publication date: 01/09/2021

Online publication date: 26/07/2021

Acceptance date: 29/06/2021

Date deposited: 29/07/2021

ISSN (electronic): 1891-1803

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1002/cl2.1186


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